X-SAR Radiometric Calibration and Data Quality

Manfred Zink, Richard Bamler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


In April and October, 1994 the X-SAR was flown as part of the SIR-C/X-SAR space radar laboratory missions (SRL-1/2) on the Space Shuttle. Amongst other activities DLR is responsible for the calibration of all X-SAR data products and is running the German Processing and Archiving Facility (D-PAF). Calibration activities included three major parts. Before the first mission, we performed a detailed analysis of the overall system to localize the main error sources and developed algorithms and procedures to correct these errors. During the missions we concentrated our efforts on calibration campaigns at the Oberpfaffenhofen super test site. Post mission activities included the determination of the antenna pattern and the absolute calibration factor as well as detailed performance analyses. This paper describes the overall approach to radiometrically calibrate the X-SAR and provides information on system performance and data quality to users in the different application fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)840-847
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1995
Externally publishedYes


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