X-ray phase tomography with near-field speckles for three-dimensional virtual histology

Marie Christine Zdora, Pierre Thibault, Willy Kuo, Vincent Fernandez, Hans Deyhle, Joan Vila-Comamala, Margie P. Olbinado, Alexander Rack, Peter M. Lackie, Orestis L. Katsamenis, Matthew J. Lawson, Vartan Kurtcuoglu, Christoph Rau, Franz Pfeiffer, Irene Zanette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

High-contrast, high-resolution imaging of biomedical specimens is indispensable for studying organ function and pathologies. Conventional histology, the gold standard for soft-tissue visualization, is limited by its anisotropic spatial resolution, elaborate sample preparation, and lack of quantitative image information. X-ray absorption or phase tomography have been identified as promising alternatives enabling non-destructive, distortion-free three-dimensional (3D) imaging. However, reaching sufficient contrast and resolution with a simple experimental procedure remains a major challenge. Here, we present a solution based on x-ray phase tomography through speckle-based imaging (SBI). We demonstrate on a mouse kidney that SBI delivers comprehensive 3D maps of hydrated, unstained soft tissue, revealing its microstructure and delivering quantitative tissue-density values at a density resolution of better than 2 mg/cm3 and spatial resolution of better than 8 µm. We expect that SBI virtual histology will find widespread application in biomedicine and will open up new possibilities for research and histopathology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1221-1227
Number of pages7
JournalOptica
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Sep 2020

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