What is the influence of a ‘heavy atom’ on the decay mechanisms of the lowest triplet state of aromatic hydrocarbons?

J. Friedrich, F. Metz, F. Dörr

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41 Scopus citations

Abstract

The various decay mechanisms of the lowest triplet state of a-halogenated naphthalenes have been investigated by means of polarized light spectroscopy. Contrary to pure aromatic hydrocarbons, the halogenated derivatives exhibit strong in-plane polarization in the 00-transition of the phosphorescence, which is enhanced more rapidly than the out-of-plane polarized intensity if one increases the atomic number of the substituent. The various features of the polarized emission spectra are related to a second-order Herzberg-Teller coupling. This type of interaction can provide intensity for the 00-transition via out-of-plane promoting modes. It varies with the one centre spin-orbit integral, thus explaining the strong enhancement with the heavy atom. It accounts for a deuterium isotope effect in the radiative rate of the 00-transition and in the degree of polarization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-312
Number of pages24
JournalMolecular Physics
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1975

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