Welche Bedeutung haben Rote Listen für den Artenschutz im Wald? Eine kritische Würdigung

Translated title of the contribution: Relevance of catalogues of endangered species ("Rote Lisen") for forestry

A. Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

An attempt is made to find out about the relevance of the "Rote Listen" (RL). i.e. catalogues of endangered species, for species protection in the forest and for forest management. Origin, contents, and objective of the RL are briefly recapitulated. Citing examples, the background is elucidated for reviewing the occurrence of a RL-species in the forest: 1. The species decline is referred back to a point in time (around the turn of this century) at which the countryside of Central Europe showed highest structural, ecological, and also floristic and zoological diversity. 2. The respective territory of the RL is usually defined politically. 3. Only through improved knowledge about the flora and fauna of a certain region the RL can be enlarged. 4. Inclusion of species in the RL and classification by degree of endangerment is done using expert opinion; addition of a species to the RL may also have the purpose to convey a certain message. Using this as background, important conclusions for forest management are: 1. RL cnstitute essential warning signals as to the condition of the environment; they have therefore to be taken seriously and must be considered. 2. However, only examination of every individual case can show if the presence of a RL-species at a certain location will warrant special precautions and possibly changes of hitherto existing production methods. 3. "Natur-oriented forestry practices" in connection with forgoing intensive practices in low-yield areas should assure long-ter, ongoing existence of many endangered woodland organisms. 4. If adequate in number and size, yet limited forest areas are made available as reserves where nature can take its course undisturbed, long-term existence of numerous species living in and feeding on woody material can be secured. 5. The danger of further reducing the living space for endangered non-woodland species has to be considered if cropland is planted into trees. The objective has to be to preserve the natural species diversity in the forest and especially also to secure the long-term existence of presently endangered woodland organisms without giving up wood production. such initatives in forestry are mentioned; for some, increased emphasis is possible.

Translated title of the contributionRelevance of catalogues of endangered species ("Rote Lisen") for forestry
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)225-235
Number of pages11
JournalForstwissenschaftliches Centralblatt
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1992
Externally publishedYes

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