Virtual-power-hardware-in-the-loop simulations for crosswind kite power with ground generation

Florian Bauer, Christoph M. Hackl, Keyue Smedley, Ralph M. Kennel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Major parts of a crosswind kite power system based on the ground generation principle can be tested without risks to the kite in a laboratory or workshop by coupling the winch(es) to loads, which emulate the kite's forces (power-hardware-in-the-loop, PHIL). As such tests can be costly and time consuming, this paper proposes an intermediate step: Instead of emulating the computed kite loads on a coupled real load, they are emulated on the existent electrical drives of the winches. With less effort, the winches turn similarly as if they where loaded by a real kite. As the loads are virtually present only, but hardware is involved, one may call this principle virtual-PHIL. Measurements with a small-scale prototype are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 American Control Conference, ACC 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781467386821
StatePublished - 28 Jul 2016
Event2016 American Control Conference, ACC 2016 - Boston, United States
Duration: 6 Jul 20168 Jul 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
ISSN (Print)0743-1619


Conference2016 American Control Conference, ACC 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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