Validation of BIM components by photogrammetric point clouds for construction site monitoring

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32 Scopus citations


Construction progress monitoring is a primarily manual and time consuming process which is usually based on 2D plans and therefore has a need for an increased automation. In this paper an approach is introduced for comparing a planned state of a building (as-planned) derived from a Building Information Model (BIM) to a photogrammetric point cloud (as-built). In order to accomplish the comparison a triangle-based representation of the building model is used. The approach has two main processing steps. First, visibility checks are performed to determine whether or not elements of the building are potentially built. The remaining parts can be either categorized as free areas, which are definitely not built, or as unknown areas, which are not visible. In the second step it is determined if the potentially built parts can be confirmed by the surrounding points. This process begins by splitting each triangle into small raster cells. For each raster cell a measure is calculated using three criteria: the mean distance of the points, their standard deviation and the deviation from a local plane fit. A triangle is confirmed if a sufficient number of raster cells yield a high rating by the measure. The approach is tested based on a real case inner city scenario. Only triangles showing unambiguous results are labeled with their statuses, because it is intended to use these results to infer additional statements based on dependencies modeled in the BIM. It is shown that the label built is reliable and can be used for further analysis. As a drawback this comes with a high percentage of ambiguously classified elements, for which the acquired data is not sufficient (in terms of coverage and/or accuracy) for validation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-237
Number of pages7
JournalISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Issue number3W4
StatePublished - 12 Mar 2015
EventJoint ISPRS workshops on Photogrammetric Image Analysis, PIA 2015 and High Resolution Earth Imaging for Geospatial Information, HRIGI 2015 - Munich, Germany
Duration: 25 Mar 201527 Mar 2015


  • 3D building model
  • BIM
  • Construction site monitoring
  • Photogrammetric point cloud


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