Vaccines and allergic reactions: The past, the current COVID-19 pandemic, and future perspectives

Vanitha Sampath, Grace Rabinowitz, Mihir Shah, Surabhi Jain, Zuzana Diamant, Milos Jesenak, Ronald Rabin, Stefan Vieths, Ioana Agache, Mübeccel Akdis, Domingo Barber, Heimo Breiteneder, Sharon Chinthrajah, Tomas Chivato, William Collins, Thomas Eiwegger, Katharine Fast, Wytske Fokkens, Robyn E. O'Hehir, Markus OllertLiam O'Mahony, Oscar Palomares, Oliver Pfaar, Carmen Riggioni, Mohamed H. Shamji, Milena Sokolowska, Maria Jose Torres, Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann, Menno van Zelm, De Yun Wang, Luo Zhang, Cezmi A. Akdis, Kari C. Nadeau

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vaccines are essential public health tools with a favorable safety profile and prophylactic effectiveness that have historically played significant roles in reducing infectious disease burden in populations, when the majority of individuals are vaccinated. The COVID-19 vaccines are expected to have similar positive impacts on health across the globe. While serious allergic reactions to vaccines are rare, their underlying mechanisms and implications for clinical management should be considered to provide individuals with the safest care possible. In this review, we provide an overview of different types of allergic adverse reactions that can potentially occur after vaccination and individual vaccine components capable of causing the allergic adverse reactions. We present the incidence of allergic adverse reactions during clinical studies and through post-authorization and post-marketing surveillance and provide plausible causes of these reactions based on potential allergenic components present in several common vaccines. Additionally, we review implications for individual diagnosis and management and vaccine manufacturing overall. Finally, we suggest areas for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1640-1660
Number of pages21
JournalAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume76
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • allergy
  • anaphylaxis
  • vaccine

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