Utilization and Regional Differences of In-Patient Services for Peripheral Arterial Disease and Acute Limb Ischemia in Germany: Secondary Analysis of Nationwide DRG Data

Matthias Trenner, Christoph Knappich, Bianca Bohmann, Simon Heuberger, Hans Henning Eckstein, Andreas Kuehnl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and acute limb ischemia (ALI) pose an increasing strain on health care systems. The objective of this study was to describe the German health care landscape and to assess hospital utilization with respect to PAD and ALI. Methods: Secondary data analysis of diagnosis-related group statistics data (2009–2018) provided by the German Federal Statistical Office. Inclusion of cases encoded by the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) codes for PAD and arterial embolism or thrombosis. Construction of line diagrams and choropleth maps to assess temporal trends and regional distributions. Results: A total of 2,589,511 cases (median age 72 years, 63% male) were included, of which 2,110,925 underwent surgical or interventional therapy. Overall amputation rate was 17%, with the highest rates of minor (28%) and major amputations (15%) in patients with tissue loss. In-hospital mortality (overall 4.1%) increased in accordance to Fontaine stages and was the highest in patients suffering arterial embolism or thrombosis (10%). Between 2009 and 2018, the annual number of PAD cases with tissue loss (Fontaine stage IV) increased from 97,092 to 111,268, whereby associated hospital utilization decreased from 2.2 million to 2.0 million hospital days. Hospital incidence and hospital utilization showed a clustering with the highest numbers in eastern Germany, while major amputation rate and mortality were highest in northern parts of Germany. Conclusions: Increased use of endovascular techniques was observed, while hospital utilization to treat PAD with tissue loss has decreased. This is despite an increased hospital incidence. Addressing socioeconomic inequalities and a more homogeneous distribution of dedicated vascular units might be advantageous in reducing the burden of disease associated with PAD and ALI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2116
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • burden of disease
  • disease hotspot
  • endovascular procedures
  • incidence
  • peripheral arterial disease
  • vascular surgical procedures

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