Usage of Autonomous Mobile Robots Outdoors - An Axiomatic Design Approach

Dana Clauer, Johannes Fottner, Erwin Rauch, Marco Prüglmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Industry 4.0, growing material supply chains, and changing logistics structures require flexible material flow solutions. As a result of this development, the usage of autonomous mobile robots (AMRs) is increasing significantly. Although there has been much research undertaken on the design of indoor AMRs, there is a lack of research regarding outdoor systems. Weather and road conditions are still challenging for sensors and actuators. Furthermore, requirements regarding the system, which must be known and met beforehand to guarantee industrial applicability, are yet to be sufficiently determined. This paper aims to close this gap and identify functional requirements through Axiomatic Design, which is used to develop design guidelines for practitioners. Starting with a systematic literature review and semi-structured interviews, the authors gather basic customer requirements. These customer requirements will then be analyzed to define functional requirements. Through a mapping and top-down decomposition process, the research team deduces design solutions for using outdoor AMRs. These requirements and solutions will be transformed into guidelines, which help system designers to improve the implementation of AMRs on the factory premises.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-247
Number of pages6
JournalProcedia CIRP
StatePublished - 2020
Event8th CIRP Global Web Conference on Flexible Mass Customisation, CIRPe 2020 - Leuven, Belgium
Duration: 14 Oct 202016 Oct 2020


  • autonomous mobile robots
  • axiomatic design
  • industry 4.0
  • logistics
  • material handling


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