Untersuchungen zur toxizität von tirapazamine plus cisplatin in einem maus-tumormodell

Translated title of the contribution: Evaluation of the toxicity of tirapazamine plus cisplatin in a mouse tumor model

Markus Adam, Sigrid Ottenjann, Georg Künzel, Raymonde Busch, Wolf Erhardt, Carsten Nieder, Michael Molls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: Tirapazamine (TPZ) is an anticancer drug that is selectively activated by the low oxygen environment in solid tumors. Furthermore, TPZ also enhances the tumor cell-killing effect of cisplatin. So far, detailed information on the toxicity of combined treatment is rare. The authors evaluated the toxicity of TPZ in combination with cisplatin in a mouse tumor model. For this purpose, general toxicity was monitored and all inner organs were examined histologically. Material and Methods: RIF-1 fibrosarcomas of murine origin growing in the right hindfoot dorsum of C3H mice were used. The animals were treated with 10 x 2 Gy irradiation plus six i.p. injections of 4 mg/kg cisplatin (total dose 24 mg/kg) together with varying doses of TPZ (0-28 mg/kg per injection; total dose 0, 43.2, 86.4, 129.6, 151.2, 172.8 mg/kg). Treatment was applied within 2 weeks (Figure 1). Total observation period was up to 35 days. Results: Combined treatment with TPZ led to a dose-dependent, significant decrease in motor activity (Table 1) and body weight and an increase in mortality (Figures 2 and 3, Tables 2 and 3). Histological analyses showed areas of necrosis in the heart, liver and kidney and gastric ulcers (Table 4). Cisplatin alone produced no severe toxicity. Tumor doubling times were TPZ dose-dependent and comparable with data from the literature (Figures 4 and 5, Table 3). Conclusion: Unlike most data from the literature a dose-dependent increase in toxicity was seen when adding TPZ to a standard treatment of cisplatin plus irradiation. To the authors' knowledge this is the first study histologically examining in detail the organ toxicity of TPZ in a mouse model. Furthermore, they expand the rare data on long-term toxicity after TPZ plus cisplatin in a fractionated therapy regimen. The results question the usefulness of frequently performed therapeutic studies where only short-term treatment and observation endpoints are used, since essential toxicities are likely to be overlooked.

Translated title of the contributionEvaluation of the toxicity of tirapazamine plus cisplatin in a mouse tumor model
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)231-239
Number of pages9
JournalStrahlentherapie und Onkologie
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2006


Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of the toxicity of tirapazamine plus cisplatin in a mouse tumor model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this