Unraveling the Role of Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition in Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Salivary Glands: A Comprehensive Review

Cosima C. Hoch, Fabian Stögbauer, Barbara Wollenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) is considered a challenging malignancy; it is characterized by a slow-growing nature, yet a high risk of recurrence and distant metastasis, presenting significant hurdles in its treatment and management. At present, there are no approved targeted agents available for the management of SACC and systemic chemotherapy protocols that have demonstrated efficacy remain to be elucidated. Epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a complex process that is closely associated with tumor progression and metastasis, enabling epithelial cells to acquire mesenchymal properties, including increased mobility and invasiveness. Several molecular signaling pathways have been implicated in the regulation of EMT in SACC, and understanding these mechanisms is crucial to identifying new therapeutic targets and developing more effective treatment approaches. This manuscript aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the latest research on the role of EMT in SACC, including the molecular pathways and biomarkers involved in EMT regulation. By highlighting the most recent findings, this review offers insights into potential new therapeutic strategies that could improve the management of SACC patients, especially those with recurrent or metastatic disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2886
JournalCancers
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • epithelial–mesenchymal plasticity
  • epithelial–mesenchymal transition
  • mesenchymal–epithelial transition
  • metastasis
  • salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma

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