Turnover of hepatic cytochrome P-450 in experimental cholestasis

Helmut Denk, Helmut Greim, Ferenc Hutterer, Fenton Schaffner, Hans Popper

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16 Scopus citations


In mechanical experimental chllestasis, hypertrophy of smooth microsomal membranes was observed. In contrast to typical induction, the membranes were deficient in cytochrome P-450. The total cytochrome P-450 content of the liver, however, as determined in the liver homogenate remained unchanged. To clarify the mechanism of the development of cytochrome P-450 deficient membranes in cholestasis, the half life of the heme portion of cytochrome P-450, and the initial rate of synthesis of cytochrome P-450 and b5 hemes were compared in bile duct ligated rats and in control animals after labeling the heme by injection of the precursor δ-[4-14C]aminolevulinic acid. The half lives were not significantly different, which eliminates the possibility that selective destruction of cytochrome P-450 has occurred. Depression of cytochromal heme synthesis was not observed. During mechanical cholestasis, the relative cytochrome P-450 deficiency is probably caused by proliferation of components of the endoplasmic reticulum other than the hemoprotein.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-247
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental and Molecular Pathology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1973
Externally publishedYes


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