TT-seq maps the human transient transcriptome

Björn Schwalb, Margaux Michel, Benedikt Zacher, Katja Frü Hauf, Carina Demel, Achim Tresch, Julien Gagneur, Patrick Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

289 Scopus citations


Pervasive transcription of the genome produces both stable and transient RNAs.We developed transient transcriptome sequencing (TT-seq), a protocol that uniformly maps the entire range of RNA-producing units and estimates rates of RNA synthesis and degradation. Application of TT-seq to human K562 cells recovers stable messenger RNAs and long intergenic noncoding RNAs and additionally maps transient enhancer, antisense, and promoter-associated RNAs. TT-seq analysis shows that enhancer RNAs are short-lived and lack U1 motifs and secondary structure.TT-seq also maps transient RNA downstream of polyadenylation sites and uncovers sites of transcription termination; we found, on average, four transcription termination sites, distributed in a windowwith amedianwidth of 3300 base pairs.Termination sites coincidewith a DNA motif associated with pausing of RNA polymerase before its release from the genome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1225-1228
Number of pages4
Issue number6290
StatePublished - 3 Jun 2016


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