Trivinylphosphineborane (CH2═CH)3PBH3 and related compounds

Uwe Monkowius, Stefan Nogai, Hubert Schmidbaur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

In an investigation of the vinyl-activation in trivinylphosphine by acceptor molecules the 1 ∶ 1 addition compounds with BH3, BCl3, BBr3, and BI3 have been prepared. The reaction of Vi3P with BF3 led to polymerization of the phosphine and its adduct. While the complexes (Vi3P)BX3 with X = Cl, Br and I are air-stable colorless crystalline solids, (Vi3P)BH3 is a colorless, distillable liquid. The NMR spectra show little variation in the chemical shifts and coupling constants of the nuclei of the vinyl groups with the nature of the halogen, but there are large differences as compared to the borane complex (X = H). The crystal structures of the three boron trihalide complexes are also very similar. The components Vi3P and BX3 have a staggered conformation and the vinyl groups are in an all-trans propeller orientation. The variations in the bond distances and angles are very small and do not indicate major trends within the series. As shown by the successful preparation and structure elucidation of the reference compound (Et3P)BF3, the instability of (Vi3P)BF3 is not due to an intrinsically low affinity of BF3 to tertiary phosphines or a steric effect of the phosphine. (Et3P)BF3 has an exceedingly long P–B donor–acceptor bond. It appears that BF3 forms a weak complex, but is most effective in activating the vinyl groups for polymerization. In (Vi3P)BH3 the three vinyl groups and the three B–H function would match for an intermolecular triple-hydroboration to give a three-dimensional polymer with C–C and P–B structural units, but neither of the two functionalities appears to be sufficiently activated to accomplish this reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)987-991
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society. Dalton Transactions
Volume3
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Feb 2003
Externally publishedYes

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