Transversal Halide Motion Intensifies Band-To-Band Transitions in Halide Perovskites

Christian Gehrmann, Sebastián Caicedo-Dávila, Xiangzhou Zhu, David A. Egger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite their puzzling vibrational characteristics that include strong signatures of anharmonicity and thermal disorder already around room temperature, halide perovskites (HaPs) exhibit favorable optoelectronic properties for applications in photovoltaics and beyond. Whether these vibrational properties are advantageous or detrimental to their optoelectronic properties remains, however, an important open question. Here, this issue is addressed by investigation of the finite-temperature optoelectronic properties in the prototypical cubic CsPbBr3, using first-principles molecular dynamics based on density-functional theory. It is shown that the dynamic flexibility associated with HaPs enables the so-called transversality, which manifests as a preference for large halide displacements perpendicular to the Pb-Br-Pb bonding axis. The authors find that transversality is concurrent with vibrational anharmonicity and leads to a rapid rise in the joint density of states, which is favorable for photovoltaics since this implies sharp optical absorption profiles. These findings are contrasted to the case of PbTe, a material that shares several key properties with CsPbBr3 but cannot exhibit any transversality and, hence, is found to exhibit much wider band-edge distributions. The authors conclude that the dynamic structural flexibility in HaPs and their unusual vibrational characteristics might not just be a mere coincidence, but play active roles in establishing their favorable optoelectronic properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200706
JournalAdvanced Science
Volume9
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • disorder
  • halide perovskites
  • molecular dynamics
  • optoelectronic properties
  • urbach energy

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