Transgenic expression of human CD46 on porcine endothelium: Effect on coagulation and fibrinolytic cascades during ex vivo human-to-pig limb xenoperfusions

Anjan K. Bongoni, David Kiermeir, Jonas Schnider, Hansjörg Jenni, Pavan Garimella, Andrea Bähr, Nikolai Klymiuk, Eckhard Wolf, David Ayares, Esther Voegelin, Mihai A. Constantinescu, Jorg D. Seebach, Robert Rieben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background. Dysregulation of the coagulation systemdue to inflammatory responses and cross-speciesmolecular incompatibilities represents a major obstacle to successful xenotransplantation. We hypothesized that complement inhibition mediated by transgenic expression of human CD46 in pigs might also regulate the coagulation and fibrinolysis cascades and tested this in ex vivo human-to-pig xenoperfusions. Methods. Forelimbs of wild-type and hCD46/HLA-E double transgenic pigs were ex vivo xenoperfused for 12 hours with whole heparinized human blood. Muscle biopsies were stained for galactose-α1,3-galactose, immunoglobulin M, immunoglobulin G, complement, fibrin, tissue factor, fibrinogen-like protein 2, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1. The PAI-1/tPA complexes, D-dimers, and prothrombin fragment F1 + 2 were measured in plasma samples after ex vivo xenoperfusion. Results. No differences of galactose expression or deposition of immunoglobulin M and immunoglobulin G were found in xenoperfused tissues of wild type and transgenic limbs. In contrast, significantly lower deposition ofC5b-9 (P < 0.0001), fibrin (P = 0.009), and diminished expression of tissue factor (P = 0.005) and fibrinogen-like protein 2 (P = 0.028) were found in xenoperfused tissues of transgenic limbs. Levels of prothrombin fragment F1 + 2 (P = 0.031) and D-dimers (P = 0.044) were significantly lower in plasma samples obtained from transgenic as compared to wild-type pig limb perfusions. The expression of the fibrinolyticmarker tPA was significantly higher (P = 0.009), whereas PAI-1 expression (P = 0.022) and PAI-1/tPA complexes in plasma (P = 0.015) were lower after transgenic xenoperfusion as compared to wild-type xenoperfusions. Conclusions. In this human-to-pig xenoperfusion model, complement inhibition by transgenic hCD46 expression led to a significant inhibition of procoagulant and antifibrinolytic pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2061-2069
Number of pages9
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


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