Topical treatment of acute adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis with 0.2% Cidofovir and 1% cyclosporine: A controlled clinical pilot study

J. Hillenkamp, T. Reinhard, R. S. Ross, D. Bohringer, O. Cartsburg, M. Roggendorf, E. De Clercq, E. Godehardt, R. Sundmacher

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70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of 0.2% cidofovir eyedrops and 1% cyclosporine eyedrops administered 4 times daily (qid) to treat acute adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis. Methods: A randomized, controlled, double-masked study was conducted on 39 patients with acute adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis of recent onset. Patients were divided into 4 treatment groups: (1) cidofovir qid, (2) cyclosporine qid, (3) cidofovir + cyclosporine qid, and (4) sodium chloride qid (control). The diagnosis was confirmed using adenoviral polymerase chain reaction from conjunctival swabs. Duration of treatment was 21 days. Main Outcome Measures - Severity of conjunctival hyperemia, conjunctival chemosis, superficial punctate keratitis during treatment, and presence and severity of corneal subepithelial infiltrates were evaluated using a clinical score. Duration until subjective improvement of symptoms was recorded. Results: Subjective improvement of local symptoms was accelerated in the cyclosporine group. All other clinically relevant variables showed no statistically significant difference among the 4 treatment groups. Particularly, we did not find a difference in the frequency of corneal subepithelial infiltrates at the end of treatment. Conclusions: Use of cidofovir, cyclosporine, or both did not accelerate the improvement of clinical symptoms of acute adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis compared with the natural course of the infection as demonstrated by this pilot study. This might be because of the wide spectrum of the clinical course of the infection, low sensitivity to cidofovir, too low of a concentration of cidofovir, or early cessation of viral replication in the course of the infection. The effect of a higher concentration of topical cidofovir with and without cyclosporine requires investigation in a larger group of patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1487-1491
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Volume119
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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