Top-Down Synthesis of Nanostructured Platinum-Lanthanide Alloy Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalysts: Pt x Pr/C as an Example

Johannes Fichtner, Batyr Garlyyev, Sebastian Watzele, Hany A. El-Sayed, Jan N. Schwämmlein, Wei Jin Li, Frédéric M. Maillard, Laetitia Dubau, Jan Michalička, Jan M. Macak, Alexander Holleitner, Aliaksandr S. Bandarenka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is of great interest for future sustainable energy conversion and storage, especially concerning fuel cell applications. The preparation of active, affordable, and scalable electrocatalysts and their application in fuel cell engines of hydrogen cars is a prominent step toward the reduction of air pollution, especially in urban areas. Alloying nanostructured Pt with lanthanides is a promising approach to enhance its catalytic ORR activity, whereby the development of a simple synthetic route turned out to be a nontrivial endeavor. Herein, for the first time, we present a successful single-step, scalable top-down synthetic route for Pt-lanthanide alloy nanoparticles, as witnessed by the example of Pr-alloyed Pt nanoparticles. The catalyst was characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and photoelectron spectroscopy, and its electrocatalytic oxygen reduction activity was investigated using a rotating disk electrode technique. Pt x Pr/C showed ∼3.5 times higher [1.96 mA/cm 2 Pt , 0.9 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE)] specific activity and ∼1.7 times higher (0.7 A/mg Pt , 0.9 V vs RHE) mass activity compared to commercial Pt/C catalysts. On the basis of previous findings and characterization of the Pt x Pr/C catalyst, the activity improvement over commercial Pt/C originates from a lattice strain introduced by the alloying process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5129-5135
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • cathodic corrosion
  • electrocatalysis
  • fuel cell
  • lanthanides
  • oxygen reduction
  • platinum alloys
  • top-down synthesis

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