Tooth Flank Breakage - Influences on subsurface initiated fatigue failures of case hardened gears

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pitting and tooth root breakage are typical fatigue failure modes of case hardened gears. Both failure types are usually initiated at the surface or close to the surface. General trends in modern gear industry, such as improved gear design with adequate flank modifications, high-quality gear materials and high-performance lubricants, modern manufacturing processes with additional post-processes as shot peening and super-finishing as well as advanced calculation methods, have allowed an optimized utilization of the allowable pitting and bending stress numbers in recent years. As a result of the increased power density, however, the stresses below the surface rise with the consequence of an increased risk of fatigue failure initiation in the material below the surface. This paper describes main characteristics of a failure mode characterized by tooth breakages which start in the area of the active flank from cracks that are typically initiated at a considerable depth beneath the loaded flank surface. Based on theoretical and experimental investigations, relevant influence parameters related to gear design, operating conditions and material strength on the failure mode "Tooth Flank Breakage" will be discussed and basic principles of a developed calculation model to evaluate the risk of such failures presented. Finally, exemplarily experimental results from gear running tests, which failed due to flank breakage, are compared to the results of the new calculation model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication25th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology; ASME 2013 Power Transmission and Gearing Conference
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Print)9780791855928
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
EventASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2013 - Portland, OR, United States
Duration: 4 Aug 20137 Aug 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
Volume5

Conference

ConferenceASME 2013 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPortland, OR
Period4/08/137/08/13

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