TNF-alpha induced NFκB signaling and p65 (RelA) overexpression repress Cldn5 promoter in mouse brain endothelial cells

Muhammad Aslam, Nafees Ahmad, Rajneesh Srivastava, Bernhard Hemmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inflammatory cytokine TNFα enhances permeability of brain capillaries constituting blood brain barrier (BBB). In the monoculture endothelial models of BBB TNFα alters tight junction (TJ) structure and protein content. Claudin-5 (Cldn5) is a key TJ protein whose expression in the brain endothelial cells is critical to the function of BBB. TNFα reduces Cldn5 promoter activity and mRNA expression in mouse brain derived endothelial cells but the regulatory elements and signaling mechanism involved are not defined. Here we report that TNFα acts through NFκB signaling and requires a conserved promoter region for the down-regulation of Cldn5 expression. Overexpression of the NFκB subunit p65 (RelA) alone repressed Cldn5 promoter activity in mouse brain endothelial cells. We observed partial loss of Cldn5 protein expression after prolonged TNFα treatment in primary endothelial culture isolated from C56BL/6 mice brain. Taken together, our results confirm and extend previous observations of TNFα induced down-regulation of Cldn5 expression in mouse brain endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-275
Number of pages7
JournalCytokine
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Claudin-5
  • Down-regulation
  • Mouse brain endothelial cells
  • TNFα

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