Tissue-Specific Hormone Signalling and Defence Gene Induction in an In Vitro Assembly of the Rapeseed Verticillium Pathosystem

Fatema Binte Hafiz, Joerg Geistlinger, Abdullah Al Mamun, Ingo Schellenberg, Günter Neumann, Wilfried Rozhon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Priming plants with beneficial microbes can establish rapid and robust resistance against numerous pathogens. Here, compelling evidence is provided that the treatment of rapeseed plants with Trichoderma harzianum OMG16 and Bacillus velezensis FZB42 induces defence activation against Verticillium longisporum infection. The relative expressions of the JA biosynthesis genes LOX2 and OPR3, the ET biosynthesis genes ACS2 and ACO4 and the SA biosynthesis and signalling genes ICS1 and PR1 were analysed separately in leaf, stem and root tissues using qRT-PCR. To successfully colonize rapeseed roots, the V. longisporum strain 43 pathogen suppressed the biosynthesis of JA, ET and SA hormones in non-primed plants. Priming led to fast and strong systemic responses of JA, ET and SA biosynthesis and signalling gene expression in each leaf, stem and root tissue. Moreover, the quantification of plant hormones via UHPLC-MS analysis revealed a 1.7- and 2.6-fold increase in endogenous JA and SA in shoots of primed plants, respectively. In roots, endogenous JA and SA levels increased up to 3.9- and 2.3-fold in Vl43-infected primed plants compared to non-primed plants, respectively. Taken together, these data indicate that microbial priming stimulates rapeseed defence responses against Verticillium infection and presumably transduces defence signals from the root to the upper parts of the plant via phytohormone signalling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10489
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume24
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Verticillium longisporum
  • beneficial microbes
  • phytohormones
  • priming
  • relative gene expression
  • signal transduction

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