Time resolved magnetization dynamics of ultrathin Fe(001) films: Spin-pumping and two-magnon scattering

G. Woltersdorf, M. Buess, B. Heinrich, C. H. Back

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Abstract

The time-resolved magnetic response of ultrathin epitaxial Fe(001) films grown on GaAs(001) and covered by Au, Pd, and Cr capping layers was investigated by time and spatially resolved Kerr effect measurements. The magnetization was excited by an in-plane magnetic field pulse using the transient internal field generated at a Schottky barrier while the wavelength of the excitation (resonant mode) was roughly 4Î m. Each of the three cap layers affected the spin relaxation in a unique way. Au cap layers resulted in the bulk Gilbert damping of the Fe film. Pd cap layers caused an additional Gilbert damping due to spin-pump or spin-sink effects. Cr cap layers lead to a strong extrinsic damping which can be described by two-magnon scattering. In this case the strength of the extrinsic damping can be controlled by a field induced shift of the spin wave manifold with respect to the excited k vector.

Original languageEnglish
Article number037401
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume95
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes

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