Thrombin-induced MCP-1 expression involves activation of the P22phox-containing NADPH oxidase in human vascular smooth muscle cells

R. P. Brandes, C. Viedt, K. Nguyen, S. Beer, J. Kreuzer, R. Busse, A. Görlach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VMSC) by thrombin induces the expression of the chemokine, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). We investigated in cultured human and rat VSMC whether reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from the vascular NADPH oxidase contribute to this effect. Exposure of cultured VSMC to thrombin rapidly increased ROS formation, phosphorylation of p38 MAP kinase as well as the expression of MCP-1. Specific inhibition of the p22phox subunit of the vascular NADPH oxidase using either p22phox neutralizing antibody or p22phox antisense oligonucleotides attenuated thrombin-induced ROS generation. Furthermore, thrombin-induced p38 MAP kinase activation as well as MCP-1 expression were impaired by antioxidants as well as by p22phox antisense oligonucleotides. Inhibition of p38 MAP kinase diminished the thrombin-induced expression of MCP-1. Conclusion: Thrombin, by activating a p22phox-containing NADPH oxidase, elicits ROS generation and activation of p38 MAP kinase in VSMC. The subsequent induction of MCP-1 expression highlights the crucial role of the p22phox-containing NADPH oxidase in thrombin-induced signal transduction in VSMC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1104-1110
Number of pages7
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume85
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • MCP-1
  • NADPH oxidase
  • Oxidative stress
  • Thrombin
  • p22phox

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