Three-dimensional echocardiographic optimization improves outcome in cardiac resynchronization therapy compared to ECG optimization: A randomized comparison

Carolin Sonne, Lorenz Bott-Flugel, Simon Hauck, Martin Hadamitzky, Hasema Lesevic, Gabriele Demetz, Daniel Braun, Petra Wolf, Jörg Hausleiter, Albert Schömig, Christof Kolb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims There is little consensus on optimal atrioventricular (AV) and ventricular-to-ventricular (VV) intervals in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). The aim of this study was to examine a novel combination of Doppler echocardiography (DE) and three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) for individualized AV- and VV-interval optimization compared to conventional electrocardiogram (ECG) optimization. Methods In this double-blind, randomized controlled trial, 77 patients (male: 57, age: 68 ± 10 years) with severely reduced ejection fraction (EF), New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV, and wide QRS complex (>120 ms) have been included. Patients were randomized to either AV- and VV-interval optimization using DE and 3DE (group 1, n = 39) or ECG (group 2, n = 38). 3DE was performed in all patients for the evaluation of left ventricular (LV) dimensions, EF and systolic dyssynchrony index (SDI), and NYHA class obtained before CRT and after 3 months. Primary endpoint of the study was clinical response to CRT, defined as a reduction of NYHA class by ≥1 score. Secondary endpoints were change of EF, LV volumes, and SDI. Results There were significantly more responders in group 1 (82%) than in group 2 (58%, P = 0.021). Similarly, group 1 showed a larger increase in EF (7.0 ± 6.0% vs 3.4 ± 5.6%, P = 0.015) and a more pronounced reduction of SDI (-4.5 ± 5.9% vs -1.5 ± 5.6%, P = 0.039) than group 2. Conclusion Compared with conventional ECG optimization, this novel echocardiographic optimization protocol resulted in a significantly higher response rate, improved LV systolic function, and may be used to select the optimal AV and VV intervals in CRT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-320
Number of pages9
JournalPacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • 3D echocardiography
  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • dyssynchrony
  • optimization

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