Thickness insensitive nanocavities for 2D heterostructures using photonic molecules

Peirui Ji, Chenjiang Qian, Jonathan J. Finley, Shuming Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Two-dimensional (2D) heterostructures integrated into nanophotonic cavities have emerged as a promising approach towards novel photonic and opto-electronic devices. However, the thickness of the 2D heterostructure has a strong influence on the resonance frequency of the nanocavity. For a single cavity, the resonance frequency shifts approximately linearly with the thickness. Here, we propose to use the inherent non-linearity of the mode coupling to render the cavity mode insensitive to the thickness of the 2D heterostructure. Based on the coupled mode theory, we reveal that this goal can be achieved using either a homoatomic molecule with a filtered coupling or heteroatomic molecules. We perform numerical simulations to further demonstrate the robustness of the eigenfrequency in the proposed photonic molecules. Our results render nanophotonic structures insensitive to the thickness of 2D materials, thus owing appealing potential in energy- or detuning-sensitive applications such as cavity quantum electrodynamics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3501-3510
Number of pages10
Issue number17
StatePublished - 2 Aug 2023


  • 2D heterostructure
  • mode coupling
  • nanocavity
  • photonic molecule


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