The status of academic interventional radiologists in Germany with focus on gender disparity: how can we do better?

Sophia Freya Ulrike Blum, Cornelia Lieselotte Angelika Dewald, Lena Becker, Emona Staudacher, Mareike Franke, Marcus Katoh, Ralf Thorsten Hoffmann, Stefan Rohde, Philip Marius Paprottka, Frank Wacker, Kerstin Westphalen, Philipp Bruners, Bernhard Gebauer, Marco Das, Wibke Uller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The aim was to characterize the framework conditions in academic interventional radiology (IR) in Germany with focus on differences between genders. Materials and methods: After IRB approval, all members of The German Society for Interventional Radiology and Minimally Invasive Therapy (n = 1,632) were invited to an online survey on work and research. Statistical comparisons were undertaken with the Fisher’s exact test, Wilcoxon rank sum test or Pearson’s Chi-squared test. Results: From 267 available questionnaires (general response rate 16.4%), 200 were fully completed. 40% of these (78/200) were involved in research (71% men vs. 29% women, p < 0.01) and eligible for further analysis. Of these, 6% worked part-time (2% vs. 17%, p < 0.05). 90% of the respondents spent less than 25% of their research during their paid working hours, and 41% performed more than 75% of their research during. leisure time. 28% received exemption for research. 88% were (rather) satisfied with their career. One in two participants successfully applied for funding, with higher success rates among male applicants (90% vs. 75%) and respondents with protected research time (93% vs. 80%). Compared to men, women rated their entrance in research as harder (p < 0.05), their research career as more important (p < 0.05), felt less noticed at congresses (93% vs. 53%, p < 0.01), less confident (98% vs. 71%, p < 0.01), and not well connected (77% vs. 36%, p < 0.01). Conclusion: Women and men did research under the same circumstances; however, women were underrepresented. Future programs should generally focus on protected research time and gather female mentors to advance academic IR in Germany.

Original languageEnglish
Article number47
JournalCVIR Endovascular
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Academic IR
  • Gender disparity
  • IR research
  • Interventional radiology


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