The psychologic and psychosocial impact of otoplasty on children and adults

Nikolaos A. Papadopulos, Richard Niehaus, Emanuel Keller, Gerhard Henrich, Othon N. Papadopoulos, Rainer Staudenmaier, Laszlo Kovacs, Peter Herschbach, Hanno Pototschnig, Hans Günther Machens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Background: In previous studies, our research group already evaluated the impact of aesthetic surgery on "quality of life" (QoL). This study evaluates QoL factors and perceptions of well-being after otoplasty as a single indication. Methods: Eighty-one patients who underwent otoplasty were divided into three age groups: Youth 1 (Y1)=8-12 years (n=17), Youth 1 (Y2)=13-17 years (n=13), and Adult ≥18 years (n=51). For competitive analysis, 2 groups of tests were used: a standardized self-assessment test on life satisfaction (FLZM), the Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI), the standardized Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the standardized Freiburg Personality Inventory (FPI-R), the Patient Health Questionnaire 4 (PHQ-4), and a self-developed and indication-specific questionnaire for "Adult" group. The tools for the groups Y1 and Y2 were: PHQ-4, KINDLR, the Glasgow Child Benefit Inventory (GCBI), and a self-developed and indication-specific questionnaire either. Results: Our data bared numerous significant improvements on patients' QoL. In the items "friends" (P=0.036) and "freedom of anxiety" (P=0.034) of the FLZM, important improvements were found. In section "satisfaction with appearance" (body image), the items "hair" (P=0.003) and "ear" (P=0.034) were to point out. The RSES (P=0.001) and the FPI-R (P=0.035) data indicated a well-balanced emotional stability. The results of the GBI/GCBI (P=0.000/P=0.000) showed a higher QoL of postsurgery patients. The data of the KINDLR questionnaire provided increasing values in the modules "friends" (P=0.033) and "total score" (P=0.040) for boys of the ages 8 to 12. For all age groups, there was a less affinity to depression (PHQ-4) and a high satisfaction with the aesthetical result (indication-specific questionnaire). Conclusions: This study showed higher QoL in all age groups by using standardized tools in comparison with the norm data. The knowledge of postoperative psychologic benefits, such as "satisfaction with appearance" (body image) and "different areas of life," self-confidence, and self-esteem as well as lower level of depression support meaningfulness of otoplasty. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic, III: Retrospective cohort or comparative study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2309-2314
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2015


  • Aesthetic surgery
  • Different groups of age
  • Otoplasty
  • Patients' satisfaction
  • Quality of life


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