The proto-oncogene TCL1A deregulates cell cycle and genomic stability in CLL

Johanna Stachelscheid, Qu Jiang, Christoph Aszyk, Kathrin Warner, Nadine Bley, Tony Müller, Olga Vydzhak, Konstantinos Symeonidis, Giuliano Crispatzu, Petra Mayer, Stuart James Blakemore, Gudrun Goehring, Sebastian Newrzela, Stephanie Hippler, Sandra Robrecht, Karl Anton Kreuzer, Christian Pallasch, Marcus Krüger, Axel Lechner, Kirsten FischerStephan Stilgenbauer, Dirk Beutner, Michael Hallek, Daniel Auguin, Stefan Hüttelmaier, Johannes Bloehdorn, Elena Vasyutina, Marco Herling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Upregulation of the proto-oncogene T-cell leukemia/lymphoma 1A (TCL1A) is causally implicated in various B-cell and T-cell malignancies. High-level TCL1A correlates with aggressive disease features and inferior clinical outcomes. However, the molecular and cell biological consequences of, particularly nuclear, TCL1A are not fully elucidated. We observed here in mouse models of subcellular site-specific TCL1A-induced lymphomagenesis that TCL1A exerts a strong transforming impact via nuclear topography. In proteomic screens of TCL1A-bound molecules in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells and B-cell lymphoma lines, we identified regulators of cell cycle and DNA repair pathways as novel TCL1A interactors, particularly enriched under induced DNA damage and mitosis. By functional mapping and in silico modeling, we specifically identified the mitotic checkpoint protein, cell division cycle 20 (CDC20), as a direct TCL1A interactor. According to the regulatory impact of TCL1A on the activity of the CDC20-containing mitotic checkpoint and anaphase-promoting complexes during mitotic progression, TCL1A overexpression accelerated cell cycle transition in B-cell lymphoma lines, impaired apoptotic damage responses in association with pronounced chromosome missegregation, and caused cellular aneuploidy in Eμ-TCL1A mice. Among hematopoietic cancers, CDC20 levels seem particularly low in CLL. CDC20 expression negatively correlated with TCL1A and lower expression marked more aggressive and genomically instable disease and cellular phenotypes. Knockdown of Cdc20 in TCL1A-initiated murine CLL promoted aneuploidy and leukemic acceleration. Taken together, we discovered a novel cell cycle–associated effect of TCL1A abrogating controlled cell cycle transition. This adds to our concept of oncogenic TCL1A by targeting genome stability. Overall, we propose that TCL1A acts as a pleiotropic adapter molecule with a synergistic net effect of multiple hijacked pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1425-1441
Number of pages17
JournalBlood
Volume141
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes

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