TY - JOUR

T1 - The multiport communication theory

AU - Ivrlac, Michel T.

AU - Nossek, Josef A.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Information theory serves well as the mathematical theory of communication. However, it contains no provision that makes sure its theorems are consistent with the physical laws that govern any existing realization of a communication system. Therefore, it may not be surprising that applications of information theory or signal processing, as currently practiced, easily turn out to be inconsistent with fundamental principles of physics, such as the law of conservation of energy. It is the purpose of multiport communication theory to provide the necessary framework ensuring that applications of signal processing and information theory actually do comply with physical law. This framework involves a circuit theoretic approach where the inputs and outputs of the communication system are associated with ports of a multiport black-box. Thanks to each port being described by a pair of two instead of just one variable, consistency with physics can be maintained. The connection to information theory and signal processing is then obtained by means of isomorphisms between mathematical (formal) symbols of the latter and the physical quantities of the multiport model. In this article, the principles of the multiport communication theory are presented and accompanied by a discussion of a number of interesting results of its application to single and multi-antenna radio communications in single-and multi-user contexts.

AB - Information theory serves well as the mathematical theory of communication. However, it contains no provision that makes sure its theorems are consistent with the physical laws that govern any existing realization of a communication system. Therefore, it may not be surprising that applications of information theory or signal processing, as currently practiced, easily turn out to be inconsistent with fundamental principles of physics, such as the law of conservation of energy. It is the purpose of multiport communication theory to provide the necessary framework ensuring that applications of signal processing and information theory actually do comply with physical law. This framework involves a circuit theoretic approach where the inputs and outputs of the communication system are associated with ports of a multiport black-box. Thanks to each port being described by a pair of two instead of just one variable, consistency with physics can be maintained. The connection to information theory and signal processing is then obtained by means of isomorphisms between mathematical (formal) symbols of the latter and the physical quantities of the multiport model. In this article, the principles of the multiport communication theory are presented and accompanied by a discussion of a number of interesting results of its application to single and multi-antenna radio communications in single-and multi-user contexts.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907327880&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/MCAS.2014.2333618

DO - 10.1109/MCAS.2014.2333618

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84907327880

SN - 1531-636X

VL - 14

SP - 27

EP - 44

JO - IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine

JF - IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine

IS - 3

M1 - 6880934

ER -