The Hypoxia-inducible factor-2α is stabilized by oxidative stress involving NOX4

Isabel Diebold, Daniela Flügel, Sabine Becht, Rachida S. Belaiba, Steve Bonello, John Hess, Thomas Kietzmann, Agnes Görlach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

The hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α) contributes to the vascular response to hypoxia. Hypoxia inhibits prolyl hydroxylation of the N-terminal transactivation domain (N-TAD), thus preventing binding of the von Hippel-Lindau protein (pVHL) and proteasomal degradation; additionally, hypoxia inhibits asparagyl hydroxylation of the C-TAD, thus diminishing cofactor recruitment. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from NADPH oxidases (NOXs) have been shown to control vascular functions and to promote vascular remodeling. However, whether HIF-2α, ROS, and NOXs are linked under such nonhypoxic conditions is unclear. We found that activation of NOX4 by thrombin or H2O2 increased HIF-2α protein because of decreased pVHL binding in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Thrombin, H2O2, and NOX4 overexpression increased HIF-2α N-TAD and C-TAD activity, which was prevented by ascorbate treatment or mutation of the hydroxylation sites in the TADs. HIF-2α also mediated induction of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and the proliferative response to thrombin, H2O2, or NOX4 overexpression. Thus, ROS derived from NOX4 in response to thrombin stabilize HIF-2α by preventing hydroxylation of the N-and C-TAD, thus allowing formation of transcriptionally active HIF-2α, which promotes PASMC proliferation. Together, these findings present the first evidence that HIF-2α is critically involved in the ROS-regulated vascular remodeling processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-436
Number of pages12
JournalAntioxidants and Redox Signaling
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2010

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