The direction of time in dynamical systems

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Dynamical systems in classical, relativistic, and quantum physics are ruled by laws with time reversibility. Dynamical systems with time-irreversibility are known from thermodynamics, biological evolution, brain research and historical processes in social sciences. They can also be simulated by computation and information systems. Thus, arrows of time and aging processes are not only subjective experiences or even contradictions to natural laws but can be explained by the dynamics of complex systems.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDirection of Time
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9783319027982
ISBN (Print)9783319027975
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Aging
  • Complex dynamical system
  • Computational time
  • Cosmic arrow
  • Duration
  • Evolutionary time
  • Reversibility
  • Self-organization
  • Social time
  • Symmetry of time
  • Time operator
  • Unpredictability


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