The costs of GM and Non-GM co-existence in processed food systems-demonstrated for the cases of the german supply chains of chocolate and frozen pizza

Andreas Gabriel, Klaus Menrad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In contrast to the increasing use of GM plants in agriculture worldwide, the acceptance of GM food is still low in the European Union. If GM food products were introduced in the EU, the German food industry would be confronted with increased efforts to separate GM and non-GM processing lines and it would have to perform compulsory quality management. This paper analyses the costs of co-existence for producers of frozen pizza and chocolate in Germany. In order to provide an idea of the general magnitude of these costs, an adaptive calculation model was developed, supported by qualitative information from expert interviews for both sectors. The case studies reveal that the possibilities of the companies are quite different in terms of size, infrastructure, and available resources to operate parallel production. Companies which already have sufficient existing facilities to run separated production lines might have the opportunity for specialisation and could manage a possible emerging GM market situation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-158
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Industrial Organization
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • chocolate
  • co-existence
  • food supply chains
  • frozen pizza
  • GM food
  • segregation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The costs of GM and Non-GM co-existence in processed food systems-demonstrated for the cases of the german supply chains of chocolate and frozen pizza'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this