The contribution of intrinsic thermoacoustic feedback to combustion noise and resonances of a confined turbulent premixed flame

Camilo F. Silva, Malte Merk, Thomas Komarek, Wolfgang Polifke

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62 Scopus citations


The influence of Intrinsic Thermoacoustic (ITA) feedback on the combustion noise spectrum produced by a confined, turbulent, premixed, swirl flame is investigated. The analysis is based on the understanding that sound is generated by unsteady heat release resulting from turbulent fluctuations on the one hand, and from the response of the flame to incoming acoustic perturbations on the other. The former effect is described by a source term for combustion noise, i.e. a spectral distribution of unsteady heat release rate, the latter by the flame transfer function. Both quantities are identified from time series data for fluctuating velocity and heat release rate, generated with large eddy simulation of premix swirl burner. The combustion noise source term and the flame transfer function are then introduced in an acoustic network model of the test rig in order to compute the spectral distribution of the sound pressure level at a certain location in the combustion chamber. Results for the noise spectrum are in good agreement with experiment, showing a broadband component and well-defined peaks. The frequencies of the peaks correspond to either acoustic cavity or ITA resonances. The acoustic network model is used for parametric studies, where the acoustic reflection coefficient at the combustor exit is varied. Remarkably, it is found that the magnitude of the ITA peak increases with decreasing values of the acoustic reflection coefficient, and vice versa. Furthermore, the influence of combustion chamber length on resonance frequencies is explored. It is observed that the frequency of the ITA resonance is insensitive to combustor length. This behaviour is observed qualitatively also in experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-278
Number of pages10
JournalCombustion and Flame
StatePublished - 2017


  • Combustion noise
  • Combustion resonance
  • Intrinsic thermoacoustic feedback
  • LES
  • Low-order model
  • System identification


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