The bulk dynamics of a compositionally asymmetric diblock copolymer studied using dynamic light scattering

C. M. Papadakis, K. Almdal, K. Mortensen, F. Rittig, G. Fleischer, P. Štěpánek

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have studied the bulk dynamics of a compositionally asymmetric poly(ethylene propylene)-poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PEP-PDMS) diblock copolymer in a large temperature range both in the ordered and in the disordered state. The volume fraction of the PEP block is 0.22. Apart from the disordered state, the sample shows three ordered morphologies. Using dynamic light scattering, we have investigated the dynamics in all four phases and combined these results with those obtained using pulsed field gradient NMR. In the disordered state, we find - apart from the slow cluster mode - the heterogeneity mode related to the self-diffusion of single chains. The relaxation time τ of this mode, reduced by temperature and the zero-shear viscosity η, log(τΤ/η), increases with temperature. In the cubic phase right below the ODT temperature, we observe two diffusive processes, and we attribute the faster one to the mutual diffusion of micelles and block copolymers not bound to micelles ("free chains") through the PDMS matrix. The slower mode may either be due to the mutual diffusion of free chains and chains bound to PEP micelles or to the cooperative diffusion of micellar aggregates. In the non-cubic ordered state at intermediate temperatures, an additional weak diffusive mode is observed. The low-temperature ordered state is body-centered cubic, and here, only the mutual diffusion of micelles and free chains lies in our experimental time window.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-283
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Physical Journal E
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2000
Externally publishedYes

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