The BioTop Family of Upper Level Ontological Resources for Biomedicine

Stefan Schulz, Martin Boeker, Catalina Martinez-Costa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

16 Scopus citations


BioTop is a domain upper level ontology for the life sciences, based on OWL DL, introduced ten years ago. This paper provides an update of the current state of this resource, with a special focus on BioTop's top level, BioTopLite, which currently contains 55 classes, 37 object properties and 247 description logics axioms. A bridging file allows harmonising BioTopLite with the classes of Basic Formal Ontology BFO2. The updated OWL resources are available at They build the core of several upper level ontological artefacts including bridging ontologies to other upper level resources.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInformatics for Health
Subtitle of host publicationConnected Citizen-Led Wellness and Population Health
EditorsRebecca Randell, Ronald Cornet, Philip J. Scott, Ronald Cornet, Niels Peek, Colin McCowan
PublisherIOS Press
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781614997528
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameStudies in Health Technology and Informatics
ISSN (Print)0926-9630
ISSN (Electronic)1879-8365


  • Description Logics
  • Semantic Interoperability
  • Upper-level Ontology


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