Temporal gravity signals in reprocessed goce gravitational gradients

Betty Heller, Frank Siegismund, Roland Pail, Thomas Gruber, Roger Haagmans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The reprocessing of the satellite gravitational gradiometry (SGG) data from the Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE) satellite mission in 2018/2019 considerably reduced the low-frequency noise in the data, leading to reduced noise amplitudes in derived gravity field models at large spatial scales, at which temporal variations of the Earth’s gravity field have their highest amplitudes. This is the motivation to test the reprocessed GOCE SGG data for their ability to resolve time-variable gravity signals. For the gravity field processing, we apply and compare a spherical harmonics (SH) approach and a mass concentration (mascon) approach. Although their global signal-to-noise ratio is <1, SH GOCE SGG-only models resolve the strong regional signals of glacier melting in Greenland and Antarctica, and the 2011 moment magnitude 9.0 earthquake in Japan, providing an estimation of gravity variations independent of Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) data. The benefit of combined GRACE/GOCE SGG models is evaluated based on the ice mass trend signals in Greenland and Antarctica. While no signal contribution from GOCE SGG data additional to the GRACE models could be observed, we show that the incorporation of GOCE SGG data numerically stabilizes the related normal equation systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3483
Pages (from-to)1-35
Number of pages35
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020


  • Combination
  • GOCE
  • Mascon
  • Satellite gravitational gradiometry
  • Spherical harmonics
  • Time-variable gravity


Dive into the research topics of 'Temporal gravity signals in reprocessed goce gravitational gradients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this