Temperature Stability Investigations of Neural Network Models for Graphene-Based Gas Sensor Devices †

Yosra Bahri, Sebastian A. Schober, Cecilia Carbonelli, Robert Wille

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Chemiresistive gas sensors are a crucial tool for monitoring gases on a large scale. For the estimation of gas concentrations based on the signals provided by such sensors, pattern recognition tools, such as neural networks, are widely used after training them on data measured by sample sensors and reference devices. However, in the production process of low-cost sensor technologies, small variations in their physical properties can occur, which can alter the measuring conditions of the devices and make them less comparable to the sample sensors, leading to less adapted algorithms. In this work, we study the influence of such variations with a focus on changes in the operating and heating temperature of graphene-based gas sensors in particular. To this end, we trained machine learning models on synthetic data provided by a sensor simulation model. By varying the operation temperatures between −15% and +15% from the original values, we could observe a steady decline in algorithm performance, if the temperature deviation exceeds 10%. Furthermore, we were able to substantiate the effectiveness of training the neural networks with several temperature parameters by conducting a second, comparative experiment. A well-balanced training set has shown to improve the prediction accuracy metrics significantly in the scope of our measurement setup. Overall, our results provide insights into the influence of different operating temperatures on the algorithm performance and how the choice of training data can increase the robustness of the prediction algorithms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19
JournalEngineering Proceedings
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • algorithm robustness
  • chemirestistive gas sensors
  • graphene
  • machine learning
  • modeling


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