TY - JOUR

T1 - Teilkondensation und nichtadiabate Rektifikation binärer Gemische in Füllkörperrohren

AU - Blaß, Eckhart

AU - Sauer, Harald

PY - 1978

Y1 - 1978

N2 - Partial condensation and non‐adiabatic rectification of binary mixtures in packed columns. Vertical tube assemblies are preferred for partial condensation of vapour mixtures. The mixture of vapours is fed through the tubes in countercurrent flow to the falling condensate, while coolant flows through the jacket. Only with very large ratios of length L to diameter d of the tubes, i.e. L/d 200, does the separatory effect of partial condensation, owing to rectification mass transfer between the phases, exceed the enrichment effect of partial condensation. Use of ring‐shaped packings drastically reduces the characteristic diameter, so that the additional separatory effect occurs at relatively short tube lengths. In the present paper, experimental results concerning the separation efficiency of tubes packed with Raschig rings for non‐adiabatic rectification and partial condensation of the “negative” binary mixture n‐heptane/benzene are reported and evaluated with the aid of the extended two‐film theory. It is found that the resistance to mass transfer averaged over the length of the tube lies entirely on the liquid side on non‐adiabatic rectification. Correlation of the Sherwood number of the condensate taken over the length of the tube and the condensate loading clearly shows that the usual calculation of partial condensation with average total mass transfer coefficients does not give physically meaningful results in the case of liquid‐side resistance to transport. Calculating procedures which account for the variation of the partial mass transfer coefficients along the tube should lead to improved evaluation or prediction of separation efficiency.

AB - Partial condensation and non‐adiabatic rectification of binary mixtures in packed columns. Vertical tube assemblies are preferred for partial condensation of vapour mixtures. The mixture of vapours is fed through the tubes in countercurrent flow to the falling condensate, while coolant flows through the jacket. Only with very large ratios of length L to diameter d of the tubes, i.e. L/d 200, does the separatory effect of partial condensation, owing to rectification mass transfer between the phases, exceed the enrichment effect of partial condensation. Use of ring‐shaped packings drastically reduces the characteristic diameter, so that the additional separatory effect occurs at relatively short tube lengths. In the present paper, experimental results concerning the separation efficiency of tubes packed with Raschig rings for non‐adiabatic rectification and partial condensation of the “negative” binary mixture n‐heptane/benzene are reported and evaluated with the aid of the extended two‐film theory. It is found that the resistance to mass transfer averaged over the length of the tube lies entirely on the liquid side on non‐adiabatic rectification. Correlation of the Sherwood number of the condensate taken over the length of the tube and the condensate loading clearly shows that the usual calculation of partial condensation with average total mass transfer coefficients does not give physically meaningful results in the case of liquid‐side resistance to transport. Calculating procedures which account for the variation of the partial mass transfer coefficients along the tube should lead to improved evaluation or prediction of separation efficiency.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0017984630&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/cite.330500707

DO - 10.1002/cite.330500707

M3 - Artikel

AN - SCOPUS:0017984630

SN - 0009-286X

VL - 50

SP - 525

EP - 532

JO - Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik

JF - Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik

IS - 7

ER -