Systemic therapy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC): an evidence-based recommendation of the German interdisciplinary RCC guidelines group

V. Grünwald, L. Bergmann, B. Brehmer, B. Eberhardt, Karin Kastrati, T. Gauler, G. Gehbauer, J. Gschwend, M. Johannsen, T. Klotz, C. Protzel, M. Schenck, M. Staehler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The treatment landscape in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) has evolved dramatically in recent years. Within the German guideline committee for RCC we evaluated current medical treatments and gave recommendations. Methods: A systematic review of published evidence for medical treatment of mRCC was performed (July 2016–August 2019) to cover the duration from last guideline update in 2016. Evidence was graded according to SIGN (http://www.sign.ac.uk/pdf/sign50.pdf). Recommendations were made on the basis of a nominal group work with consensus approach and included patient advocates and shareholder of the German RCC treatment landscape. Each recommendation was graded according to its strength as strong recommendation (A) or recommendation (B). Expert statements were given, where appropriate. Results: Strong first-line recommendations (IA) exist for axitinib + pembrolizumab (all risk categories) and ipilimumab + nivolumab (intermediate or poor risk only). Axitinib + avelumab is a recommended first-line treatment across patients with any risk category (IB). In patients who are not candidates for immune check point inhibitor (ICI) combinations, targeted agents should be offered as an alternative treatment. Subsequent treatment after ICI-based combinations remain ill-defined and no standard of care can be formulated. Conclusion: ICI-based combinations are the first-line standard of care and should be considered accordingly. There is an unmet medical need for pivotal studies that define novel standards in patients with failure of ICI-based combinations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2381-2386
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal of Urology
Volume40
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Checkpoint inhibitor
  • Guideline
  • Medical therapy
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Tyrosine kinase inhibitor

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