System Requirements Specification for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) to Server Communication

Patrick Purucker, Josef Schmid, Alfred Hob, Bjorn W. Schuller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Within this paper, requirements for server to Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) communication over the mobile network are evaluated. It is examined, whether a reliable cellular network communication can be accomplished with the use of current Long Term Evolution (LTE) network technologies, or, if the 5th Generation (5G) network is indispensable. Moreover, enhancements on improving the channel quality on the UAV-side are evaluated. Therefore, parameters like data rate, latency, message size and reliability for Command and Control (CC) and application data are determined. Furthermore, possible improvements regarding interference mitigation in the up- and downlink of the UAV are discussed. For this purpose, results from publications of the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and from surveys regarding UAVs and mobile networks are presented. This work shows that, for CC use cases like steering to waypoints, the latency and the data rate of the LTE network is sufficient, but in terms of reliability problems can occur. Furthermore, the usability of standard protocols for computer networks like the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is discussed. There are also multimodal implementations of these protocols like MultiPath TCP (MPTCP) which can be adapted into the UAV's communication system in order to increase reliability through multiple communication channels. Finally, applications for Long Range (LoRa) direct communication in terms of supporting the cellular network of the UAV are considered.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1499-1508
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780738131153
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event2021 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2021 - Athens, Greece
Duration: 15 Jun 202118 Jun 2021

Publication series

Name2021 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2021

Conference

Conference2021 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems, ICUAS 2021
Country/TerritoryGreece
CityAthens
Period15/06/2118/06/21

Keywords

  • 5G
  • LTE
  • LoRa
  • Quality of Service
  • UAV Communication

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