Synthesis, modification, and application of black phosphorus, few-layer black phosphorus (FLBP), and phosphorene: a detailed review

Nasrin Sultana, Annabelle Degg, Samiran Upadhyaya, Tom Nilges, Neelotpal Sen Sarma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the last few years, new two-dimensional (2-D) materials have garnered the scientific community's attention with the growing demand for functionalized materials for advanced electrical and biomedical applications. Among all the developed 2-D materials, black phosphorus and FLBP (few-layer black phosphorus), i.e., phosphorene, has been in tremendous demand due to its unique electrical, optical, physical, and electrochemical properties. Its tunable bandgap enables the fabrication of sensing materials that could be utilized in various fields such as health care, batteries, transistors, photovoltaics (PV) and many more probable applications. However, properties like high conductivity, carrier mobility, tensile strength, and bio-safety make phosphorene an essential candidate for electrical and bio-medical applications. The present review highlights phosphorene's unique properties, potential applications, and prospects as an emerging 2-D single elemental material. A particular focus has been laid on the most recent studies on the synthetic approaches and modifications of phosphorene, mainly aimed at its functionalization and stabilization for prospective applications in different fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5557-5574
Number of pages18
JournalMaterials Advances
Volume3
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

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