Synergistic Effect of Dual Phases to Improve Lithium Storage Properties of Nb2O5

Qing Ji, Weiheng Chen, Xiaoping Chen, Xiaoyan Wang, Qingyu Dong, Shanshan Yin, Yanbin Shen, Peter Müller-Buschbaum, Ya Jun Cheng, Yonggao Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Niobium pentoxides (Nb2O5) present great potential as next-generation anode candidates due to exceptional lithium-ion intercalation kinetics, considerably high capacity, and reasonable redox potential. Although four phases of Nb2O5 including hexagonal, orthorhombic, tetragonal, and monoclinic polymorphs show diverse characteristics in electrochemical performance, stable lifetime, high specific capacity, and fast intercalation properties cannot be delivered simultaneously with a single phase. Herein, this issue is addressed by generating a homogeneous mixture of orthorhombic and monoclinic crystals at the nanoscale. Reversible lithium-ion intercalation/deintercalation of the monoclinic phase is achieved, and exceptional lithium storage sites are created at the interface of the two phases. As a result, electrochemical features of stable lifetime from the orthorhombic phase and high specific performance from the monoclinic phase are harmoniously combined. This dual-phase Nb2O5/C nanohybrids deliver as high as 380 mA h g-1 (0.01-3.0 V) and 184 mA h g-1 (1.0-3.0 V) after 200 cycles. The essential principle of property enhancement is further confirmed through in situ XRD measurements and DFT calculations. The dual-phase concept can be further applied on electrodes with multiphases to achieve high electrochemical performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7232-7242
Number of pages11
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 14 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • NbO nanohybrids
  • coupling of electrochemical performances
  • dual phase
  • lithium-ion battery anode
  • structure design

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