Surface Chemistry of 1- and 3-Hexyne on Pt(111): Desorption, Decomposition, and Dehydrocyclization

M. D. Rötzer, M. Krause, A. S. Crampton, E. Mitterreiter, H. H. Heenen, F. F. Schweinberger, K. Reuter, U. Heiz

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3 Scopus citations


Despite their industrial use in selective hydrogenation reactions, the surface chemistry of long-chained alkynes on transition metals is not well understood. To this end, the two C6-alkynes 1- and 3-hexyne were studied on Pt(111) using temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), electron emission spectroscopies (MIES/UPS), and infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS). Besides the formation of graphitic carbon residues, both molecules mainly undergo desorption, self-hydrogenation, and dehydrocyclization to form benzene during temperature-programmed desorption, similar to the analogous alkenes. The dehydrocyclization to benzene is shown to be ubiquitous to unsaturated hydrocarbons on Pt(111) regardless of the degree of unsaturation and its position within the molecule. A reaction mechanism for dehydrocyclization is proposed based on dehydrogenation followed by ring-closure. This work extends the understanding of alkyne chemistry on Pt-based catalysts and may aid to identify additional reaction mechanisms leading to undesired coke formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4428-4436
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes


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