SUPRA: open-source software-defined ultrasound processing for real-time applications: A 2D and 3D pipeline from beamforming to B-mode

Rüdiger Göbl, Nassir Navab, Christoph Hennersperger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Research in ultrasound imaging is limited in reproducibility by two factors: First, many existing ultrasound pipelines are protected by intellectual property, rendering exchange of code difficult. Second, most pipelines are implemented in special hardware, resulting in limited flexibility of implemented processing steps on such platforms. Methods: With SUPRA, we propose an open-source pipeline for fully software-defined ultrasound processing for real-time applications to alleviate these problems. Covering all steps from beamforming to output of B-mode images, SUPRA can help improve the reproducibility of results and make modifications to the image acquisition mode accessible to the research community. We evaluate the pipeline qualitatively, quantitatively, and regarding its run time. Results: The pipeline shows image quality comparable to a clinical system and backed by point spread function measurements a comparable resolution. Including all processing stages of a usual ultrasound pipeline, the run-time analysis shows that it can be executed in 2D and 3D on consumer GPUs in real time. Conclusions: Our software ultrasound pipeline opens up the research in image acquisition. Given access to ultrasound data from early stages (raw channel data, radiofrequency data), it simplifies the development in imaging. Furthermore, it tackles the reproducibility of research results, as code can be shared easily and even be executed without dedicated ultrasound hardware.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)759-767
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • 2D
  • 3D
  • GPU programming
  • Open source
  • Ultrasound imaging

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