Substituting internal forces for blocked forces or free interface displacements in substructured simulations

P. L.C. van der Valk, D. J. Rixen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


An efficient method for computing responses of large and complex structures is Dynamic Substructuring. In Dynamic Substructuring methods one decomposes the large and complex structure in several substructures, which are individually modeled. The obtained knowledge of individual subsystems, allows one to create an efficient and compact model of the global system. When the forces can not be measured in the substructure from where the excitation originates, it can however be characterized on the interface either as a blocked force or a free interface motion. In this contribution the idea of blocked forces and equivalent free interface displacement, originally developed in the frequency domain, is extended to the time domain. The method transforms internal force and displacement excitation of linear substructures, into a set of equivalent forces or displacements on the boundary degrees of freedom. The method has a number of advantages; Firstly, it simplifies the reduction of force loaded structures, as it requires no special treatment for the forces acting on the internal parts of the structure. Also, it allows for groups working on different components to couple the dynamics by only sharing the interface excitations and (reduced) component models. Finally, it should be noted that using time-domain approaches compared tot he previously published frequency-domain approaches for equivalent forces and displacements, allows also considering coupling with non-linear receiving substructures. It will be analytically proven that for all other substructures the exact same response will be found. In addition it will be shown how to recover the correct response for the force loaded substructure in the case the internal forces are known. The methods will be demonstrated using the model of an offshore wind turbine that is loaded with (linearized) wave forces on its support structure.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTopics in Experimental Dynamic Substructuring - Proceedings of the 31st IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2013
Number of pages20
StatePublished - 2014
Event31st International Modal Analysis Conference on Structural Dynamics, IMAC 2013 - Garden Grove, CA, United States
Duration: 11 Feb 201314 Feb 2013

Publication series

NameConference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series
ISSN (Print)2191-5644
ISSN (Electronic)2191-5652


Conference31st International Modal Analysis Conference on Structural Dynamics, IMAC 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityGarden Grove, CA


  • Blocked forces
  • Free interface displacements
  • Internal forces
  • Structural dynamics
  • Substructuring
  • Time domain


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