Substance P in an argentaffin carcinoid of the caecum: Biochemical and biological characterization

M. Ratzenhofer, R. Gamse, H. Höfler, L. Auböck, H. Popper, P. Pohl, F. Lembeck

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An argentaffin carcinoid tumour of the caecum which contained serotonin (167 μg/g) and consisted predominantly of EC1-cells, was analysed for the presence of peptides using immunohistochemical, biochemical and pharmacological methods. A very high content of 3.9 μg/g of immunoreactive substance P was found. The distribution of cells staining positively for substance P matched that of cells containing serotonin. While some immunoreactive somatostatin (3.2 ng/g) was present in the tumour, neurotensin, glucagon, gastrin, and motilin were not found. Part of the substance P immunoreactivity measured most likely represents authentic substance P: it behaved like substance P in two Chromatographic systems and in two bioassays, and its activity on the guinea pig ileum was abolished by specific tachyphylaxis towards substance P.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-31
Number of pages11
JournalVirchows Archiv A Pathological Anatomy and Histology
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1981
Externally publishedYes


  • Carcinoid tumour
  • substance P


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