Studies of partial amino acid sequences of γ-40k secalins of rye

Claudia Gellrich, Peter Schieberle, Herbert Wieser

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Though γ-40k secalins are a major protein type within rye storage proteins, total amino acid sequences are not as well known as the gluten proteins of wheat. Well-reputed structural features such as amino acid compositions and molecular masses indicated a close relationship between γ-40k secalins and γ-gliadins of wheat, but the degree of homology of amino acid sequences and the positions of intramolecular disulfide bonds are unknown. Therefore, two major components of γ-40k secalins (R1, R2) were analyzed for partial amino acid sequences. The R1 and R2, derivatized with 4-vinylpyridine, were isolated from the prolamin fraction of rye cultivar Danko by means of a two-step RP-HPLC on C18 silica gel. The proteins were digested in parallel with trypsin and thermolysin, and the partial hydrolyzates were separated by RP-HPLC. Simultaneous measurement of UV absorbance at 210 and 254 nm allowed the detection of all peptides eluted as well as the specific detection of pyridylethylated cysteine peptides. Isolated peptides were characterized by sequence analysis, and in parts by mass spectrometry, and assigned to known sequences of γ-gliadins. The results demonstrated that the N-terminal domain of R1 and R2 remained undigested after tryptic hydrolysis; they were in agreement with the N-terminal domain of γ-gliadins in their molecular masses and in the absence of cysteine residues. Most of the isolated peptides originated from the C-terminal domains, they covered 83% (R1) and 77% (R2), respectively, of the C-terminal domain of a known γ-gliadin (clone pW1020). Comparison of R1 and R2 revealed differences only in a few sequence positions. The degree of homology between the C-terminal domains present in γ-40k secalins and γ-gliadins was ≈85%. All eight cysteine residues of γ-gliadins were found in R1 and R2 sequences. Remarkably, sequences close to corresponding cysteine residues were identical for γ-40k secalins and γ-gliadins. Therefore, it can be assumed that the positions of intramolecular disulfide links are homologous.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-545
Number of pages5
JournalCereal Chemistry
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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