Studies of myelopoiesis in vitro on blood and bone marrow cells of patients with acute leukemia in long-term remission

Christian Peschel, Günther Konwalinka, Dietmar Geissler, Brigitte Tomaschek, Kurt Grünewald, Heinz Huber, Ranko Odavic, Herbert Braunsteiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

In vitro myelopoiesis in a group of ten patients with acute leukemia (6 AML, 1 APML, 3 ALL) in long-term remission has been studied. The patients remained in first stable remission for at least 4 years and maintenance therapy had been completed in all patients except one. In the patients, colony formation of bone marrow cells after 7 days of incubation was significantly increased compared to a representative control group. The proliferation of microclusters after 3 incubation days was also markedly enhanced, and accelerated proliferation of all aggregates (microclusters, macroclusters and colonies) could be demonstrated in culture with the patients' bone marrow cells. The use of autologous feeder layers and autologous serum showed no inhibitory effect on colony formation. The proportion of eosinophil colonies formed with the patients' bone marrow cells was in the normal range. In contrast to the high proliferation capacity of bone marrow precursor cells the CFU-c number of peripheral blood was significantly decreased in the patients' group. No significant correlation between CFU-c number of bone marrow and blood cells could be found. The colony stimulating activity of the patients' peripheral mononuclear cells was normal compared to healthy controls. We conclude from this study that even in long-term remission of acute leukemia certain in vitro abnormalities exist in myelopoietic proliferation and regulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-406
Number of pages10
JournalLeukemia Research
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute leukemia
  • CFU-c
  • CFU-eos
  • CSA
  • long-term remission

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