Structure and quality of bedside teaching: A videographic analysis

Anna Lena Blaschke, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Hannah P.K. Rubisch, Pascal O. Berberat, Martin Gartmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Bedside teaching (BST) is a core element of medical education. In light of a reported decrease in BST, evidence on how to use BST time most efficiently should be developed. Given that little research into the tangible quality characteristics of good BST has been reported, we investigated the influence of various teacher and structural characteristics on the perceived quality of BST. We filmed and coded 36 BSTs involving 24 lecturers and 259 students. Structural characteristics of interest were: number of students and patients, overall duration, and the proportion of clinical examination. Lecturer questionnaires provided insight into teaching experience and intrinsic motivation, and student evaluations assessed the quality of BSTs in three dimensions. Correlations are reported using the Pearson r and a linear mixed model (LMM). The intrinsic motivation of lecturers was significantly positively correlated with perceived quality, but their experience was only weakly so correlated. In the LMM, a significant association was observed for the quality dimension of clinical teaching with the number of patients and the proportion of time spent on clinical examination. Based on our findings, we recommend including multiple patients in BSTs, and providing substantial opportunities for clinical examination. Regarding lecturers, motivation matters more than experience.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMedical Teacher
StateAccepted/In press - 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Teaching & learning clinical
  • clinical skills
  • learning outcomes
  • phase of education
  • teaching & learning methods
  • undergraduate


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