Spray pyrolysis of electrolyte interlayers for vacuum plasma-sprayed SOFC

Andreas O. Stoermer, Jennifer L.M. Rupp, Ludwig J. Gauckler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


The effects of gadolinia-doped ceria (CGO, Ce0.8Gd0.2O1.9-x) and yttria-doped zirconia (8YSZ, Zr0.92Y0.08O2-x) interlayers prepared by spray pyrolysis between vacuum plasma-sprayed 8YSZ electrolytes (8YSZ-VPS) and screen-printed (La0.8Sr0.2)0.98MnO3 cathodes (LSM) on the power output of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) are investigated. Amorphous thin films are deposited and then converted to nanocrystalline electrolyte-cathode interlayers during the first heat-up cycle of a SOFC to the operating temperature. CGO thin films between the YSZ plasma-sprayed electrolyte and the LSM cathode increased the power output by more than 20% compared to cells without interlayers, whereas YSZ films degraded the power output of cells. It is assumed that CGO improves the charge transfer at the electrolyte-cathode interface and that the CGO layer prevents the formation of undesirable insulation of La-zirconate at the interface 8YSZ/LSM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2075-2079
Number of pages5
JournalSolid State Ionics
Issue number19-25 SPEC. ISS.
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Ceria
  • Electrolyte
  • SOFC
  • Spray pyrolysis
  • Thin film
  • Vacuum plasma spray


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